Treating alcoholism can be complicated and taxing. You cannot restrain someone’s consumption and addiction in case they are not prepared. The recuperation procedure for alcoholism is a lifetime duty. There is certainly not a handy solution, and it includes daily care. Therefore, numerous individuals say alcohol addiction and this very disease is never ‘completely cured’.
What Are the Symptoms of Alcoholism?
When something is very common in society, it is complex to understand the difference between someone who is enjoying a few drinks now and then and someone with a genuine problem.
However, some of the symptoms include:
- An increasing frequency and quantity of consumption.
- Drinking during inappropriate hours such as at work or in the mornings.
- Highly dependent on alcohol for functioning normally on a daily basis.
- Increasing lethargy, emotional issues and suffering from depression.
- Professional and legal issues such as getting arrested or losing a job.
- Avoiding contact with dear ones.
If you think, you or someone else has this disease- it is best to look for the early signs of warning and consult an expert in order to avoid major consequences. People with alcoholism need to be approached with support and love.
Medications Are the Last Stage of Curing Alcoholism
Medications are the threshold to how one makes psychological changes which need to occur for curing alcoholism. Therefore, they can work well for those who are willing to give up on drinking or drink less. Few of the drugs used for treating AUD are given below:
- Disulfiram. This was the first drug approved by FDA for treating alcohol use disorder. If this is taken while consuming alcohol, a person is likely to fall sick. The sickness involves heavy sweating, nausea, and headaches. Therefore, if an alcoholic is adequately motivated, they will stop drinking because who wants to fall sick after all. However, the lack of motivation can function in a reverse manner, and they might cease taking the drug completely.
- Naltrexone. When an individual takes this drug while drinking, they do not feel drunk anymore. It is more like a relationship without rewards. If one stays under this medication, all kinds of pleasures will be warded off because AUD is all about rejoicing the feeling of getting drunk. Here, absolute abstinence is not the aim. The goal is to cut down on heavy drinking accompanied by thirty to sixty-day abstinence rates.
- Acamprosate. Acamprosate, also known as Campral eases the alcohol withdrawal symptoms. These include insomnia, restlessness, and anxiety that would have lasted for months otherwise. This drug functions by interacting with the two chemical messenger systems of the human body- GABA and glutamate. If GABA is able to function properly, it will stifle the nerve cells; thereby bringing fear and anxiety under control which is caused when these cells are overexcited. Stimulation of the nerve cells, on the other hand, is done by glutamate.
- Gabapentin and Topiramate. These drugs are known to interact with the GABA and glutamate. Even though FDA has approved them for treating seizures, several medical professionals have considered them ‘off label’ for curing AUD. However, studies state that they can help alcoholics in drinking less and having fewer cravings.
More on Additional Counseling Sessions
Most researches have established the fact that medications for alcohol addiction start showing effects after a period of six to twelve months. However, medication cannot be the lone treatment. Other available options include:
- Drug Therapy. Doctors might prescribe certain drugs to drinkers. For instance, Tricyclic antidepressants and Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors(SSRIs) for those alcoholics who were under self-medication for combating depression. Medical professionals can also prescribe drugs such as Disulfiram, Naltrexone, etc. to deal with other emotions which are essential for speedy recovery.
- Counseling. This is significant and useful to teach an addict how to manage the stress of recovery and skills plus solutions required to prevent a relapse. A healthy diet comprising foods rich in vitamins and minerals also undoes the damage that alcohol may have done to an individual’s health or body weight.
- Another important treatment for alcoholics is an inpatient rehabilitation program. It refers to therapy services one receives during their stay in a hospital. It lasts from thirty days to around a year depending on the patient’s condition. This program helps an individual handle withdrawal symptoms and battle against emotional challenges. Rehab consists of sober communities which help people struggling with addiction deal with the various challenges of sobriety day in and day out.
What Must You Look Out For before Making an Appointment in a Rehab?
Prior to making an appointment for а rehabilitation program, make sure they treat alcohol addiction. Apart from that, go through the types of therapy they offer along with the aftercare and sober living options. Lastly, check the credentials and licensing that the chosen facility has and the kind of peer group programs they offer.
Getting sober all by yourself is not only a peril during the initial stages of detox, but also is there a likelihood of relapse sometime later. Hence, proper medications accompanied with a counseling and rehabilitation program are essential for speedy recovery. As a loved one of someone victimized by alcoholism, be encouraging and offer emotional support.